Phase One Early Phonics
Letters and Sounds is a six phase teaching programme designed to help practitioners and teachers to teach children how the alphabet works for reading and spelling. It was published in April 2007 and is used widely in schools and settings.
Phase One is used by early years providers and the activities concentrate on developing children's speaking and listening skills, phonological awareness and oral blending and segmenting. These activities are intended to be used as part of a broad and rich language curriculum that has speaking and listening at its centre, links language with physical and practical experiences and provides an environment rich in print and
lots of opportunities to engage with books.
Phase One activities pave the way for children to make a good start in reading and writing.
At Colden Early Years Nursery we have phonic sessions twice a day which support linking sounds and letters in the order in which they occur in words, and naming and sounding the letters of the alphabet. It also draws on and promotes the Early Years Foundation Stages (EYFS), particularly Communication, Language and Literacy and Personal, Social and Emotional Development and Creative Development for example music plays a key
part in developing children's language.
Phase One is split up into seven aspects:
- Environmental Sounds – e.g. listening walks, sound lotto and listening box
- Instrumental Sounds – e.g. hidden instruments, matching sounds and which instrument
- Body Percussion – e.g. action songs, follow the sound and listen to the music
- Rhythm and Rhyme – e.g. listen to a beat, favourite rhymes and playing with words
- Alliteration – e.g. I spy names, digging for treasure and sound box
- Voice Sounds – e.g. voice sounds and whose voice?
- Oral Blending and Segmenting – e.g. toy talk, clapping sounds and I Spy
At the start of term in September we concentrate on the first two aspects which are Environmental Sounds and Instrumental Sounds and throughout the year we then move on to the next two and so on providing we feel the children are able and confident with them.